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Administration in mandi bahauddin


Mandi Bahauddin, the capital of the district, is also the Tehsil headquarter. Tehsil Mandi Bahauddin has 27 Union Administrations / Union Councils.[2] The politicians of District Mandi Bahauddin are playing a dynamic role in the national and provincial politics. The district territory consists of 5 Provincial Assembly (PP) and 2 National Assembly (NA) constituencies. A veteran politician, Mr. Nazar Muhammad Gondal, a lawyer and agriculturist by profession and formerly the District Nazim, had been entrusted with the portfolio of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture by the present PPPP government for the first half of its 5-year tenure. People of the district are, at large, skeptical towards the role of local politicians, for they believe that the politicians and the state machinery did not play the role they ought to play in order to solve the problems of Mandi Bahauddin.
Mandi Bahauddin, as a district, boasts the highest number of Civil Judges in the Punjab Province. Moreover, sharp awakening in learning during the last two decades has produced a big number of bureaucrats from Mandi Bahauddin who are serving different government offices nationwide.


 Early history

In 1506 C.E. Chief Bahauddin, Sufi Sahib, established a settlement namely Pindi Bahauddin in the north-eastern corner of the region known as "Gondal Bar", after his immigration from Pindi Shah Jahanian to this area. The settlement soon became a center of intense commercial activity, hence named afterwards by the merchants as "Mandi Bahauddin", the Market of Bahauddin. The Urdu word "Mandi" implies "marketplace". The proto-city was later on fortified with 9 main doorways to guard against foreign invasions. The wall intact today was completed in 1946.[3]
However, the recorded history of Mandi Bahauddin goes back to the era before Christ, connecting the region with the historic figure of Alexander the Great. Some 8 km northwest of the modern-day Mandi Bahauddin town, near the plain of village Khiwa on the southern bank of River Jhelum (Greek Hydaspes), the internationally celebrated battle Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought between Raja Porus (Sanskrit Paurava) and Alexander the Great. This historic battle of Hydaspes River, which Indian sources refer to as the "Battle of Jhelum", took place in 326 BCE.[4] The kingdom of Raja Porus was situated in the northern Punjab of modern Pakistan. This battle proved the last major fight of Alexander's career, for the Macedonians, after being put up a fierce resistance by Porus' soldiery and having heard of a massive 4,000 elephant force mustered by eastern kingdoms, refused to march further east i.e. Ganges Plains.[5]
On the first day of the battle, Prince Harry Roy, the son of Raja Porus, was killed at about the mid-day in a combat that lasted for a short while before the main battle started. On the same day, the beloved horse Bucephalus of Alexander the Great also died receiving a mortal wound from one of Porus's arrows, as the Hollywood film Alexander also shows.[6] After the death of his son, Raja Porus (initially stationed at Nazampur in the rear) came all out with 200 Elephants, 300 chariots, 4,000 cavalry and 30,000 infantry and put up a stiff resistance to Alexander's formidable force.[7] This main battle was fought on the southern bank of the River Jhelum, modern day Mandi Bahauddin. As a result of this battle, the kingdom of Raja Porus fell to Macedonians. Injured Raja Porus was presented before Alexander in a fainting state; Alexander, being proud of his victory, asked Raja Porus a famous question that went down in the annals of history as "Answer of Porus". Alexander asked Porus: "How do you expect to be treated?", whereupon Porus uttered his historic words: "As a king ought to be!" Surprised Alexander was so impressed by his audacity that he not only forgave Porus, but also returned him his kingdom and declared him his chief ally.[8]
After the battle, Alexander laid down the foundations of three cities in the modern-day Mandi Bahauddin district: "Nicaea" (Victory), near modern-day Mong, "Bucephalus", after his horse's name at the site of modern-day Phalia, and "Helena", after the famous Greek legend of Helen of Troy. All three cities are still intact. Further south in what is today Wazir Abad, the cutlery industry has its unique honor to have sharpened and prepared the swords of this great Invader.
Another historic battle of Mandi Bahauddin was fought in 1739-40 near the modern traffic site of "Satt Sira". Although no concrete historical record is available for the Battle of Satt Sira, this battle has come down in oral traditions as a legendary tale of valor and bravery. Reportedly, the Alliance of the 3-Sohawa villages (Sohawa Dillo Ana, Sohawa Bolani, Sohawa Jamlani) put up fierce resistance to one of the main contingents of Persian Army led by Nader Shah . Nader Shah was not present in person with the contingent, which had stationed near Satt Sira. The Sohawa Alliance, under the generalship of legendary figure Dillo khan gondal, managed to defeat and divert the pressure of Nader Shah's formidable force, which soon afterwards sacked Delhi. On this redemption, some anonymous local Marasi poet of the day spoke up:
The combat between Dillo and the victor of Delhi (took place),
The one from the lineage of Lion (Dillo) came out victorious.

British Era

Mandi Bahauddin came under British rule in the nineteenth century. The city is only 34 km southwest of Chillianwala, the site of the famous Battle of Chillianwala/The Second Sikh War, fought between the British East India Company and the Khalsa Sikh Army. The British commander in the battle was General Sir Hugh Gough, who was later on replaced with General Charles James Napier.[9] The city fell to the British in 1849 as the Sikhs were defeated in this decisive combat and the whole Sikh kingdom, consisting of modern Punjab and Khyber Pakhtoonkha provinces, was annexed to the British East India Company same year.
The population grew considerably in the early 20th century near the old village site [Chak No. 51], where Sikh, Hindu and Muslim businessmen and landowners came to settle. The town was named Mandi Bahauddin after the establishment of a grain market in the area (Mandi means "market" in Urdu). During the British rule, in 1916, the Pindi Bahauddin Railway station was built to connect the town with other major cities via Lala Musa Railway Junction. It was a time when the British were building railway tracks across the Subcontinent and introducing modern and essential public-use equipments in their best interest. The Railway System was introduced and laid down to defend their Empire from the North. Partly due to the reason quoted above and partly due to its geographical position, it was called North-Western Railway (NWR).
Chak Bandi was founded by Sir Malcum Heley and approximately 51 Chaks were settled and notified. In these 51 Chaks, the land was awarded to the people who were loyal to the British Empire and had worked for the British interests. Chak 51 became the centre of this newly established town. The map of this Chak was made by John Alam. A famous grain market was set up in the center of the Chak. Soon afterwards, Chak No. 51 was called Mandi-Bahauddin. In 1920 this name was notified. In 1924 Pindi-Bahauddin Railway station was also notified the above mentioned name. In 1937 when Mandi-Bahauddin was town, it was given the status of a town committee. In 1941, the town was given the status of a Municipal Committee. In the master plan for the reconstruction of the town, in 1923, all of the streets and roads were laid straight and wide. In 1946, nine gates and a fortification wall surrounding the whole town, belated due to riots, was completed.[clarification needed]

 After Independence

After the 1947 partition when the Sikhs and the Hindus migrated to India, many Muslims from Indian Punjab and other provinces migrated to Mandi Bahauddin and settled here. In 1960, the city was given the status of Sub-Division in District Gujrat.
In 1963, the Rasul Barrage and Rasul-Qadirabad Link Canal project under the Indus Basin Irrigation Project started. The project was managed by WAPDA, and a large colony for government employees and foreign contractors was constructed 2 kilometers north of Mandi Bahauddin city. This project was completed in 1968 by Engineer Riazur Rahman Shariff as the Project Director. This project brought Mandi Bahauddin into limelight and helped the city grow commercially.[10]
In 1993, Mian Manzoor Ahmed Wattoo, then Chief Minister of Punjab, announced and notified Mandi Bahauddin city as the District H.Q. of the new district of Mandi Bahauddin.
The Tehsil headquarters towns of Phalia and Malikwal are 22.5 and 28.5 kilometres from Mandi Bahauddin, respectively.[11]

Mandi Bahauddin

Mandi Bahauddin (Urdu: منڈی بهاؤالدین) is the capital of Mandi Bahauddin District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The town is some 220 metres above the sea level and is situated in upper Punjab, between the rivers Jhelum (north 12 km) and Chenab (south 39 km). Mandi Bahauddin city is situated some 50 km from the M2 - Motorway of Pakistan. The city enjoys all four seasons although the climate is very hot in summer and cold in winter. During the months of June and July, the day temperature mounts up to 45 degree celsius. The winter months are, however, relatmandi bahauddinively pleasant and the temperature rarely falls below 5 degree celsius. The average rainfall in the district is 700 mm. Main localities (Mohallah) of the city are Munshi Mohallah, School Mohallah, Gurah Mohallah, Mughalpura, Shafqatabad, Wapda Town and Panch Ward. [1] Kot Baloch is a village 8 kilometres to the north of Mandi Bahauddin. It contain a population of 427000.